Nurse-to-patient ratios are recommended based on the Infants condition of the severity level. The ratio is more than one nurse per baby for the most complex conditions to for every three to four babies one nurse for infants at a lower risk, this ensures proper staffing and identification of the high acuity infants which is the major assignment of a neonatal nurse. Neonatal care empowers nursing by facilitating the transmission of wisdom, experience, intuition and developing intellectual initiatives that preserve capital for the next generation of caregivers. In order to promote quality health and development of the high-risk neonate, it is best to practice different strategies by investigating the neonatal intensive care unit about the ongoing clinical research.
Any facility offering birthing services has neonatal care that coordinates the transport of premature or ill neonates, to a better level of care for healthy infants rooming with their mother or staying at the nursery for healthy newborns. A neonatal care nurse is required to know about resuscitation to ensure that she knows how to monitor pulse oximetry, initiate continuous cardiopulmonary and control the baby’s temperature. They also have to make sure that basic supplies are ready including a preheated incubator, endotracheal supply, and respiratory services, umbilical catheter supply, suction equipment, a heat-up warmer, peripheral arterial line supplies, orogastric tubes, and an exoergic mattress in case the newborn is premature.
An immediate nursing intervention ensures neonatal stress is prevented by supporting the newborn during the transition period by making sure they experience the least stress possible immediately after they are born. This prevents neonatal hypoxia which is caused by thermal instability or ineffective respiration after a baby is born. In case it is not reversed or dealt with during the first minutes of life, the lethal pulmonary hypertension of an infant can be triggered. Should that happen, the newborn’s healthcare provider should be informed so as to evaluate the infant and provide the interventions needed.